As the symphony of distortion strikes the eardrum, the music landscape of Sepultura’s fifth studio album “Chaos A.D.” unfolds. Released in October 1993 under the reputable Roadrunner Records label, this album marked a significant change in Sepultura’s sound, steering the band’s musical style in a new direction. Famed for their traditional death/thrash metal, this time they veered towards a groove metal sound, a decision that would influence their musical trajectory and impact the genre as a whole. This evolution was guided under the expert production of Andy Wallace.
“Chaos A.D.” came to life through the synergy of four diverse talents. Max Cavalera, the frontman, provided the distinct gravelly lead vocals and rhythm guitar that became a signature of Sepultura’s sound. His brother, Igor Cavalera, commanded the drums, providing the hard-hitting percussive backbone of their songs. Paulo Jr., on bass, gave the album its pulsating heartbeat, while Andreas Kisser, the lead guitarist, wove intricate and powerful melodies with his skillful playing. Each member contributed to the unique character of “Chaos A.D.”, making it an essential cornerstone in Sepultura’s discography.
Andy Wallace and Sepultura: Crafting “Chaos A.D.”
Sepultura’s “Chaos A.D.” is a testament to the magic of musical evolution and unflinching experimentation. The album’s production, marking the band’s departure from their conventional death/thrash metal sound, instead embraced a bold fusion of groove and hardcore punk influences. This transition in sound wasn’t just spontaneous; it was a carefully orchestrated process, designed to challenge the status quo and push the boundaries of metal music.
The band convened at the Rockfield Studios in Monmouth, Wales, in April 1993. Over the course of four months, the band, guided by producer Andy Wallace, immersed themselves in the recording process. Wallace, renowned for his work with rock titans like Nirvana and Slayer, was the perfect match to steer Sepultura’s ship through these uncharted waters.
This period was characterized by a spirit of innovation and daring experimentation. In the quest for novel sounds and effects, Sepultura turned to unconventional instruments, using everyday items like trash cans as percussion in tracks like “Refuse/Resist.” The resulting sound was raw, edgy, and entirely unique.
Underlying the powerful music structure of “Chaos A.D.” was a potent socio-political commentary. The band drew heavily from the turbulent political and social landscape of their native Brazil, weaving these themes into songs like “Manifest” and “Territory”. The album, thus, wasn’t just a collection of songs but a mirror held up to society, reflecting the tumult of the times.
Key Tracks and Triumph in the Charts
“Chaos A.D.” is a musical canvas of bold, provocative tracks that are as potent in their social commentary as they are in their rhythmic assault. The album’s opening track, “Refuse/Resist,” kicks things off with an infectious tribal drum intro, leading into a main riff underscored by unconventional trash can percussion. This song quickly became a Sepultura hallmark, encapsulating their innovative blend of groove metal and punk.
“Territory” followed, with the band turning their attention to the geopolitical landscape, criticizing territorial disputes and wars, particularly those in the Middle East. This was a reflection of the band’s willingness to confront divisive issues head-on, wielding their music as a vehicle for change.
“Slave New World,” co-written by Evan Seinfeld and Dimebag Darrell, continued the album’s trend of hard-hitting social commentary, addressing themes of freedom and defiance against oppression. And then came “Manifest,” a harrowing commentary on the Carandiru Massacre in Brazil, when police killed 111 prisoners during a riot, demonstrating Sepultura’s ability to intertwine social critique and raw, powerful music.
Upon its release, “Chaos A.D.” was greeted with critical acclaim. Critics applauded its innovative fusion of groove metal and traditional Brazilian music elements, marking it as a transformative piece in the metal music landscape. The album’s commercial success mirrored its critical reception, peaking at number 32 on the Billboard 200 and marking a significant breakthrough for Sepultura in the United States. A testament to its enduring popularity, “Chaos A.D.” was certified Gold by the RIAA in 2005, indicating over 500,000 copies sold.
The Lasting Influence and Pioneering Spirit of “Chaos A.D.”
“Chaos A.D.” is more than just an album – it’s a revolution that redefined the contours of the metal genre. Credited with pioneering the groove metal genre, the album’s far-reaching influence can be heard in the sounds of countless bands that followed Sepultura’s groundbreaking path.
The album wasn’t just innovative in its sound; it also pushed the boundaries of what could be expressed within metal music. By incorporating traditional Brazilian music elements and addressing complex social and political issues, “Chaos A.D.” set a new benchmark for artistic achievement within the genre.
The enduring popularity of “Chaos A.D.” is reflected in Sepultura’s live performances, where tracks from the album continue to feature prominently. This enduring appeal is echoed in wider recognition, with the album earning a distinguished 29th place in Rolling Stone magazine’s “100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time” list in 2017.
But the journey didn’t stop with “Chaos A.D.” The album marked a turning point for Sepultura, paving the way for further musical exploration. Their next album, “Roots”, saw them delve even deeper into experimentation, incorporating elements of nu metal and world music.
Over the years, “Chaos A.D.” has stood the test of time, and even decades after its release, it’s hailed as one of the defining albums of 90s metal. It stands as a shining testament to Sepultura’s innovative spirit and their significant impact on the metal music scene.
The Album that Rewrote Sepultura’s Destiny and Metal History
Looking back, “Chaos A.D.” wasn’t just an album—it was a monumental turning point in Sepultura’s career. Their daring departure from their established death/thrash metal roots transformed them into pioneers of the groove metal genre. This shift wasn’t just personal; it reverberated throughout the metal world, reshaping the genre’s landscape.
The successful fusion of traditional Brazilian music elements with the robust fabric of heavy metal set a new precedent. It expanded the boundaries of what could be achieved within the metal genre, opening up a wealth of opportunities for future artists.
Beyond its musical innovation, “Chaos A.D.” packed a punch with its unflinching political and social commentary. This blend of thought-provoking lyrics and a radically innovative sound gave the album an enduring appeal and relevance. Its influence persists, inspiring and informing the work of countless bands that have followed in Sepultura’s footsteps.
Today, “Chaos A.D.” stands as an album that defied expectations, broke the mold, and unabashedly charted its own course. It has not only weathered the test of time but also secured its place in the annals of metal history as a classic, embodying the audacious spirit of Sepultura and serving as a beacon for metal music’s limitless potential.